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Etzel Cardeña

Details
Name
Etzel
Last name
Cardeña
Degree
PhD
Language
Spanish, English, Swedish, French, German
Biography

Education 

1988-91 Postdoctoral fellow and Visiting scholar Stanford University

Summer, 1990 Faculty fellow in psychophysiology Ohio State University

1988 Ph.D. (Personality psychology) University of California, Davis

1985 M.A. (Personality psychology) University of California, Davis

1983 M.A. (Clinical psychology) York University

1982-83 Internship Wellesley Hospital

1981 Licenciate (Clinical) with Highest Honors Universidad Iberoamericana

 

Professional positions

Thorsen Professor of Psychology (endowed Chair), Department of Psychology, University of Lund, fall, 2005-present.

Adjunct, National Center for Disaster Psychiatry, Uppsala University Hospital, 2010-present.

Visiting Erasmus Professor, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Valencia, Spain, fall, 2014.

Full Professor and Director of Graduate Program, Department of Psychology and Anthropology, University of Texas-Pan American, fall 2004-summer 2005.

Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Psychology and Anthropology, University of Texas-Pan American, fall 2000- 2003

Guest artist/adjunct professor, Department of Drama, The University of Texas-Pan American, Fall 2000-present, fall 2000-Summer 2005.

Assistant Professor, Tenure track, Department of Psychiatry, USUHS, summer 94-Summer, 2000.

Visiting Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Valencia, Spain, fall, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2009.

Assistant Professor- Tenure track, Department of Psychology, Trinity College, 8/91-94, and Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, 9/1989-9/1990. 

Adjunct Faculty, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Universidad de Minho, American U., Georgetown U., the Wright Institute, CIIS, Santa Clara U., and ITP, 1989-1995.

Associate-In and Instructor, U. of California, Davis, 8/85 to 12/85 and 8/87 to 7/88.

Clinical psychologist, Centros de Integración Juvenil, México, 9/78 - 3/80

 

Post-doctoral awards and honors

Named as one of just a few “notable” people connected to Lund University throughout its history (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lund_University).

President

Parapsychological Association, 2008-2009.

Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (SCEH), November 2001-2003.

Division 30 of the American Psychological Association (APA), August 2000-2001.

 

Fellow

International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, elected 2008.

Association for Psychological Science, elected 2007.

American Psychological Association (APA) and Divisions 30 (Hypnosis) and 56 (Psychological Trauma).

Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, elected 1994.

 

Cumulative achievement awards

Reconocimiento Gabino Barreda for pedagogical contributions from México’s Secretaría de Educación Pública, 2014.

Charles Honorton Integrative Contributions Award, Parapsychological Association, 2013.

Erika Fromm Award for excellence in teaching, Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 2011.

Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Hypnosis, Society of Psychological Hypnosis (Division 30 of APA), 2007.

College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Award for Excellence in Research for 2004, University of Texas-Pan American.

Morton Prince Award for cumulative contribution to research on dissociative disorders.

International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD), 1999.

 

Early career achievement award

Division 30 (Psychological Hypnosis) of APA, 1995.

 

Book and paper awards:

(15) Best History of Psychology article for 2018 for Pierre Janet and the Enchanted Boundary of Psychical Research. Society for the History of Psychology (Division 26 of the American Psychological Association).

(14) Parapsychological Association Book Award, 2016 for Varieties of Anomalous Experience, 2nd ed.

(13) Parapsychological Association Book Award, 2015 for Parapsychology: A Handbook for the 21st Century.

(12) Pierre Janet Award for the best clinical, theoretical or research paper in dissociation for the previous year. ISSD, 2012 Annual Meeting.

(11) Milton H. Erickson Award for Scientific Excellence in Writing on Clinical Hypnosis, for Reply to “Methodological And interpretative Issues Regarding the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory,” American Society of Clinical Hypnosis, 2011.

(10) Sherry and Harold Crasilneck Award for best first presentation by a graduate student (to Devin Terhune) for Terhune, D., & Cardeña, E. “Dissociative tendencies and heterogeneity in high hypnotic suggestibility,“ Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 2009 Meeting.

(9) Best research paper  (with Dietrich Lehmann, Peter Jönsson, Devin Terhune, & Pascal Faber), for “The neurophenomenology of hypnosis,” bestowed by Division 30 of APA, 2007 Annual Meeting.

(8) Pierre Janet Award for the best clinical, theoretical or research paper in dissociation for the previous year. ISSD, 2004 Annual Meeting. 

(7) Best paper on the application of hypnosis for "Hypnosis" (for posttraumatic conditions), bestowed by Division 30 of APA, 2002 Annual Meeting.

(6) Best theoretical paper for “The ways to study anomalous experience,” bestowed by Division 30 of APA, 1999 Annual Meeting.

(5) Hilgard Award for the best theoretical paper on hypnosis published in 1996, for “Just floating on the sky”. A comparison of shamanic and hypnotic phenomenology,” bestowed by the Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (SCEH), 1997.

(4) Best research paper  (with R. Litwin), for “Dissociation and reported trauma in organic and psychogenic seizure patients,” bestowed by Division 30 of APA, 1993 Annual Meeting.

(3) Hilgard Award for the best theoretical paper on hypnosis published in 1991 (with D. Spiegel), for “Disintegrated experience: The dissociative disorders revisited,” bestowed by SCEH, 1992.

(2) Best first paper by a non-student, for “Dissociative reactions to the Bay Area Earthquake,” bestowed by Division 30 of APA, 1991 Annual Meeting.

(1) Crasilneck Award for the best first clinical or research paper, for “The phenomenology of quiescent and physically active deep hypnosis,” bestowed by SCEH, 1989.

 

Pre-doctoral awards and honors

Phi Kappa Phi (Honor Society).

Minority Fellowship (MFP) Research Fellowship, American Psychological Association, 1987-89.

Doctoral Dissertation  MFP Award, American Psychological Association, 1988.

Graduate Opportunity Program Fellowship, UC Davis, 1986-89.

Graduate Student Travel Award, UC Davis, 1988.

Scholarship, National Hispanic Scholarship Fund, 1987.

Scholarship, Achievement Rewards for College Scientists, North California Chapter, 1986.

Scholarship, University Research Expeditions, 1986.

Scholarship, Foundation for the Research on the Nature of Man, North Carolina, 1985.

Eileen Garrett Scholarship, PF, New York, 1985.

Bursary, UC-Mexus Fund, 1984.

Scholarship, México's Secretary of Public Education, 1983-85.

Non-resident Fee Waiver, UC Davis, 1983-85.

Teaching Assistant and Foreign Student Fee Bursaries, York University, Canada, 1983.

Scholarship, México's National Council of Science and Technology. 1981-83.

Scholarship, International Summer Semiotic Institute, Toronto, 1982.

Scholarships from the Canadian and the Polish Government to do graduate work (declined both because of previous commitments), 1982.

Scholarship, México's National Autonomous University, 1981-82.

Bursary, Universidad Iberoamericana, México, 1977-1979

 

License

Clinical psychology, México, # 770765

 

 

Location
Lund, Sweden
location_lat
55.7046916
location_lng
13.1906761
Publications
Publications

Publications

Books and edited monographs 

Cardeña, E., & Facco, E. (Eds.) (2015). Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions. E-book Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Doi 10.3389/978-2-88919-485-8

Cardeña, E., Palmer, J., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2015). Parapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J.,  & Krippner, S. (Eds.) (2014). Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J.,  & Krippner, S. (Eds.). (2013). Variedades da experiência anômala: Análise de evidências científicas (Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence). São Paulo, Brazil: Atheneu.

Cardeña, E., & Winkelman, M. (2011). Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume I. History, culture, and the humanities. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Cardeña, E., & Winkelman, M. (2011). Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume II. Biological and psychological perspectives. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Cardeña, E., & Bowman, E. (Eds.) (2011). Special section. Defining (structural) dissociation.  Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 14, 413-473

Cardeña, E., & Croyle, K. (Eds.) (2005). Acute reactions to trauma and psychotherapy: A multidisciplinary and international perspective. New York: Haworth Press.

Also published as special issue of the Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 6(2).

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J.,  & Krippner, S. (Eds.). (2000). Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

Cardeña, E., & Nijenhuis, E. (2000). Embodied sorrow. Special issue on somatoform dissociation. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 1.

Kirsch, I., Capafons, A., Cardeña, E., & Amigó, S. (Eds.) (1999). Clinical hypnosis and self-regulation: A cognitive-behavioral perspective. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E. (Translator) (1979). Chase, N. F. Un niño ha sido golpeado. La violencia contra los niños, una tragedia moderna. México, D. F.: Editorial Diana.

 

Journal articles and book chapters

Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Persson, S. D., Bengtsson, H., & Cardeña, E. (submitted). Individual differences in mind wandering: Neuroticism, mental set shifting, and effortful control

Cardeña, E. (in press). Derangement of the senses or alternate epistemological pathways? Altered consciousness and enhanced functioning. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns000017

Cardeña, E. & Lindström, L. (in press). The light and the bulb: The psychology and neurophysiology of mystical experience. In A. Moreira-Almeida, B. Paz Mosqueiro, & D. Bhugra (Eds.), Spirituallity and mental health across cultures. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Lynn, S. J., Cardeña, E., Green, J., & Lourence, J-R. (in press). The case for clinical hypnosis: Theory and research based dos and don'ts for clinical practice. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Cardeña, E. & Lynn, S. J. (in press). Editorial: From lore to lab: Do alterations of consciousness enhance human functioning? Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E. (in press). Nuances and uncertainties in hypnotic inductions: Towards a theoretically informed praxis. In V. K. Kumar & S. R. Lankton (Eds.), Hypnotic induction: Perspectives, strategies and concerns. New York: Routledge.

Cardeña, E., Pick, S., & Litwin, R. (2020). Differentiating psychogenic non-epileptic from epileptic seizures: A mixed-methods content analysis study. Epilepsy & Behavior, 109. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107121

Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2020). Changes in state of consciousness and psi in ganzfeld and hypnosis conditions. Journal of Parapsychology, 84, 66-84. doi:10.30891/jopar2020.01.07

Acunzo, D., Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. (2020). Anomalous experiences are more prevalent among highly suggestible individuals who are also highly dissociative. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 25, 179-189. doi: 10.1080/13546805.2020.1715932

Cardeña, E. (2020). Editorial. Pieces of the psi puzzle and a recipe for ganzfeld success. Journal of Parapsychology, 84, 5-7. doi:10.30891/jopar2020.01.01

Cardeña, E. (2019). Meditation, exceptional psychophysiological control, and parapsychology. In M. Farias, D. Brazier, & M. Lalljee (Eds.), Oxford handbook of meditation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198808640.013.47

Cardeña, E. (2019). What the Taller de Investigación Teatral revealed to me. In N. Núñez, Anthropocosmic theatre (pp. 215-218). Huddersfield, UK: University of Huddersfield Press.

Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. (2019). The role of response expectancies, baseline experiences, and hypnotizability in spontaneous hypnotic experiences. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 67, 1-27.

Cardeña, E. (2019). "The data are irrelevant": Comment on Reber and Alcock (2019). Journal of Scientific Exploration, 33, 569-574.

Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Kjell, O. N. E., Persson, S. D., & Cardeña, E. (2019). Online validation of combined mood induction procedures. PLoS ONE, 14(6): e0217848. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.021784

Cardeña, E. (2019). Mind leaks: A commentary on Wooffitt's: Poetic Confluence: A Sociological Analysis of an Enigmatic Moment. Psychoanalytic Dialogues. The International Journal of Relational Perspectives, 29, 346-354. https://doi.org/10.1080/10481885.2019.1614829

Cardeña, E. (2019). Errors of the third kind. [Editorial].  Journal of Parapsychology, 83, 117-119. doi.org/10.30891/jopar.2019.02.01

Cardeña, E. (2018). The experimental evidence for parapsychological phenomena: A review. American Psychologist, 73, 663-677. doi: 10.1037/amp0000236

Cardeña, E., & Schaffler, Y. (2018). "He who has spirits must work a lot": A psychoanthropological account of spirit possession in the Dominican Republic. Ethos, 46, 457-476. doi.org/10.1111/etho.1221

Cardeña, E. (2018). ψυχή is a woman. [Editorial].  Journal of Parapsychology, 82, 99-101. doi.org/10.30891/japar.2018.02.01

Cardeña, E., & Krippner, S. (2018). Commentary on The cultural evolution of shamanism: Some needed psychological clarifications on the experience(s) of shamanism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X17002035

Gušić, S., Maleševic, A., Cardeña, E., Bengtsson, H., & Søndergaard, H. P. (2018). “I feel like I do not exist:” A study of dissociative experiences among war-traumatized refugee youth. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 10, 542-550.

Evrard, R., Pratte, E. A., & Cardeña, E. (2018). Pierre Janet and the enchanted boundary of psychical research. History of Psychology, 21, 100-125.

Cardeña, E. (2018). Hypnos and Psyche: How Hypnosis Has Contributed to the Study of Consciousness [reprint from Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 204, 1, 2, 123–138]. In M. Velmans (Ed.), Consciousness, Vol. 4. London, UK: Routledge.

Cardeña, E. (2018). Altering Consciousness: Setting up the Stage [reprint from Altering Consciousness: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Volume I. History, Culture, and the Humanities (Santa Barbara, CA:Praeger, 2011), pp. 1-21]. In M. Velmans (Ed.), Consciousness, Vol. 4. London, UK: Routledge.

Cardeña, E. (2018). Derangement of the senses or alternate epistemological pathways? Altered consciousness and human potentials. Proceedings of the 12th Simpósio da Fundaçao Bial (pp. 117-142). Porto, Portugal: Bial.

Stiernströmer, E. P. S., Wolgast, M., Johansson, M., Innes-Ker, Å., & Cardeña, E. (2018). The effect of variations of emotional expressions on mnemonic discrimination and traditional recognition memory. Journal of Cognitive Psychology.doi doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2018.1493486

Cardeña, E. (2018). Keeping up is hard to do. [Editorial]. Journal of Parapsychology, 82, 5-7. http://doi.org/10.30891/jopar.2018.01.01

Cardeña, E. (2018). The unbearable fear of psi: On scientific suppression in the 21st century (abridged, edited version). In C. Carol (Ed.), Skeptical about skeptics. pp. 83-90. Transpersonal Paradigms Publishing.

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J., & Krippner, S. (2017). The psychology of anomalous experience: A rediscovery. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4, 4-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000093

Cardeña, E., Nordhjem, B., Marcusson-Clavertz, D., & Holmqvist, K. (2017). The "hypnotic state" and eye movements. Less there than meets the eye? PLoS ONE, 12(8), e0182546. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182546

Cardeña, E. (2017). Anomalous experience. In S. Schneider & M. Velmans (Eds.), The Blackwell companion to consciousness, 2nd ed (pp. 187-202). London, UK: Blackwell.

Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Gušić, S., Bengtsson, H., Jacobsen., H., & Cardeña, E. (2017). The relation of dissociation and mind wandering to unresolved/disorganized attachment: An experience sampling study. Attachment & Human Development, 19, 170-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2016.1261914

Gušić, S., Cardeña, E., Bengtsson, H., & Søndergaard, H. P. (2017). Dissociative experiences and trauma exposure among newly arrived and settled young war refugees. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 26, 1132-1149.

Cardeña, E. (2017). Dissociation and the dissociative disorders. In Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology, Elsevier. ISBN 9780128093245

Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2017). The relation of psi and alterations of consciousness in ganzfeld and hypnosis contexts. [Abstract]. Journal of Parapsychology, 81, 126-127.

Cardeña, E. (2017). Editorial. On scientific amnesia. Journal of Parapsychology, 8, 104-105.

Cardeña, E. (2017). Editorial. Whither parapsychology? Journal of Parapsychology, 8, 6-8.

Cardeña, E. (2017). In memoriam Gerd H. Hövelmann. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik, 17, 157.

Cardeña, E. (2017). In memoriam Helen Joan Crawford. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 59, 339-341.

(reprinted in Hypnose-ZHH, 12 (1-2), 225-226.

Cardeña, E. (2017). Den ubaerlige frygt for psi. Dansk Tidskrift for Psykisk Forskning, 1, 6-20. (Translation into Danish of "The unbearable fear of psi”).

Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Claveztz, D. (2016). The relation of hypnotizability and dissociation to everyday mentation: An experience sampling study. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3, 61-79.

Cardeña, E. (2016). Towards a comprehensive neurophenomenological research in hypnosis and meditation. In A. Raz & M. Lifshitz (Eds.), Hypnosis and meditation: Towards an integrative science of conscious planes (pp. 281-301). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Gušić, S., Cardeña, E., Bengtsson, H., & Søndergaard, H. P. (2016). Dissociative experiences in adolescents: The moderating role of type of trauma and attachment style. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 9, 341-351.

Gušić, S., Cardeña, E., Bengtsson, H., & Søndergaard, H. P. (2016). Types of trauma in adolescence and their relation to posttraumatic stress and dissociation: A mixed-methods study. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8, 568-576.

Schaffler, Y., Cardeña, E., Reijman, S., & Haluza, D. (2016). Traumatic experiences and somatoform dissociation among spirit possession practitioners in the Dominican Republic. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, 40, 74-99.

Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. B. (2016). Daydreaming style moderates the relation between working memory and mind-wandering: Integrating two hypotheses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42, 451-464.

Pérez, S., Conchado, A., Galdón, M. J., Andreu, Y., Cardeña, E., Ibáñez, E., & Durá, E. (2016). Acute stress trajectories one year after a breast cancer diagnosis. Supportive Care in Cancer, 24, 1671-1678.

Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E. (2016). Nuances and uncertainties in hypnotic inductions: Towards a theoretically informed praxis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 59, 155-174.

Cardeña, E. (2016a). Letter to the editor. Journal of Parapsychology, 80, 126-129.

Cardeña, E. (2016b). Letter to the editor. Journal of Parapsychology, 80, 120-122.

Cardeña, E. (2015). The unbearable fear of psi: On scientific censorship in the 21st century. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 29, 601-620.

Cardeña, E., Sjöstedt, J. O., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2015). Sustained attention and motivation in Zen meditators and non-meditators. Mindfulness, 6, 1082-1087.

Terhune, D., & Cardeña, E. (2015). Dissociative subtypes in posttraumatic stress disorders and hypnosis: Neurocognitive parallels and clinical implications. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24, 452-457.

Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2015). States, traits, beliefs, and psi. In E. Cardeña, J. Palmer, & D. Marcusson-Clavertz (Eds.). Parapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century (pp. 110-124). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Cardeña, E. (2015). On negative capability and parapsychology: Personal reflections. In E. Cardeña, J. Palmer, & D. Marcusson-Clavertz (Eds.). Parapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century (pp. 399-403). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Cardeña, E., Marcusson-Clavertz, D., & Palmer, J. (2015). Reintroducing parapsychology. In E. Cardeña, J. Palmer, & D. Marcusson-Clavertz (Eds.). Parapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century (pp. 1-11). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Cardeña, E., Reijman, S., Wimmelmann, C. L., & Jensen, C. G. (2015). Psychological health, trauma, dissociation, absorption, and fantasy proneness among Danish spiritual practitioners. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2, 170-184.

Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E. (2015). Heterogeneity in high hypnotic suggestibility and the neurophysiology of hypnosis. Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, 45, 177-178. doi:10.1016/j.neucli.2014.10.003

Cardeña, E  (2015). Una literatura aparte. A 40 años de la publicación de Las Enseñanzas de Don Juan. La Gaceta (del Fondo de Cultura Económica) (A separate literature. Forty years after the publication of The Teachings of Don Juan), 532, pp. 22-23.

Cardeña, E. (2015). Letter to the editor. Journal of Parapsychology, 79, 242-245.

Cardeña, E. & Terhune, D. B. (2014). Hypnotizability, personality traits, and the propensity to experience alterations of consciousness. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1, 292-307.

Ustinova, Y., & Cardeña, E. (2014). Combat stress disorders and their treatment in Ancient Greece. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6, 739-748.

Cardeña, E. (2014). Hypnos and psyche, or how hypnosis has contributed to the study of consciousness. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1, 123-138.

Cardeña, E. (2014). A call for an open, informed, study of all aspects of consciousness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00017.

Reprinted as Cardeña, E. (2014, Summer). A call for an open, informed study of all aspects of consciousness. Network Review, 6-8.

Translated into German as Cardeña, E. (2014). Für eine ergebnisoffene und vorurteilslose Untersucung des gesamten Spektrums des Bewussteins. Ein Aufruf. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik, 14, 45-52.

Also translated into Russian and published in the Journal of Unconventional Science in http://www.unconv-science.org/n3/cardena/

Dalenberg, C. J., Brand, B. L., Loewenstein, R. J., Gleaves, D. H., Dorahy, M. J., Cardeña, E., Frewen, P. A., Carlson, E. B., & Spiegel, D. (2014). Reality vs. fantasy: Reply to Lynn et al. (2014). Psychological Bulletin, 140, 911-920.

Pérez, S., Galdón, M. J., Durá, E., Andreu, Y., Ibáñez, E., & Cardeña, E. (2014). Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in breast cancer patients: Temporal evolution, predictors, and mediational models. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27, 224-231. doi: 10.1002/jts.21901

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J., & Krippner, S. (2014). Anomalous experiences in perspective. In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. 2nd ed, (pp. 3-20). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E., & Pekala, R. J. (2014). Methodological issues in the study of altering consciousness and anomalous experience. In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. 2nd ed. (pp. 21-56). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E., & Alvarado, C. (2014). Anomalous self and identity experiences. In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. 2nd ed. (pp. 175-212). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E., Krippner, S., & Lynn, S. J. (2014). Anomalous experiences: An integrative summary. In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. 2nd ed. (pp. 409-426). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E., Svensson, C., & Hejdström, F. (2014). Hypnosbehandlung mit Tonaufnahmen hift gegen Stress: Eine randomisiert kontrollierte Studie. Deutsche Zeischrift für zahnärztliche Hypnose, 1, 8-17.

Translation/reprint of Cardeña, E., Svensson, C., & Hejdström, F. (2013). Hypnotic taped intervention ameliorates stress: A randomized control study. International Journal for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 61, 125-145.

Cardeña, E. (2014). Spinning in circles. Journal of Mind-Body Regulation, 2, 121-123.

Kjellenberg, E., Nilsson, F., Daukantaitė, D., & Cardeña, E. (2014). Transformative narratives: The impact of working with war and torture survivors. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 6, 120-128.

Cardeña, E., Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2013). The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis. Cortex, 49, 375-385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2012.04.001

Cardeña, E., Svensson, C., & Hejdström, F. (2013). Hypnotic taped intervention ameliorates stress: A randomized control study. International Journal for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 61, 125-145.

Cardeña, E. (2013). Prefácio à edição brasileira (Prologue to the Brazilian edition). In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner, S. (Eds.). Variedades da experiência anômala: Análise de evidências científicas (pp. xiii-xvi). São Paulo, Brazil: Atheneu.

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J., & Krippner, S (2013). Experiências anômalas em perspectiva (Anomalous experiences in perspective). In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner, S. (Eds.). Variedades da experiência anômala: Análise de evidências científicas (pp. 1-15). São Paulo, Brazil: Atheneu.

Pekala, R. J., & Cardeña, E. (2013). Questões metodológicas no estudo dos estados alterados de consciência e das experiências anômalas (Methodological issues in the study of altered states of consciousness and anomalous experiences). In E. Cardeña, S. J., Lynn, & S. Krippner, S. (Eds.). Variedades da experiência anômala: Análise de evidências científicas (pp. 35-60). São Paulo, Brazil: Atheneu.

Cardeña, E., Lehmann, D., Faber, P. L., Jönsson, P., Milz, P., Pascual-Marqui, R. D., & Kochi, K. (2012). EEG sLORETA functional imaging during hypnotic arm levitation and voluntary arm lifting. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 60, 31-53. doi 10.1080/00207144.2011.622184

Cardeña, E., Iribas, A., & Reijman, S. (2012). Art and psi. Journal of Parapsychology, 76, 3-25.

Dalenberg, C. J., Brand, B. L., Gleaves, D. H., Dorahy, M. J., Loewenstein, R. J., Cardeña, E., Carlson, E. B., Frewen, P. A., & Spiegel, D. (2012). Evaluation of the evidence for the trauma and fantasy models of dissociation. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 550-588.

Cardeña, E., Butler, L, Reijman, S. & Spiegel, D., & (2012). Disorders of extreme stress. In I. B. Weiner, G. Stricker, & T. A. Widiger (Eds.)  Handbook of psychology. Clinical psychology (2nd  ed., pp. 497-548). New York, NY: Wiley.

Cardeña, E. (2012, December). Psi is here to stay. Journal of Parapsychology Supplement, 17-19.

Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E., (2012). Individual differences and state effects on mind wandering: Hypnotizability, dissociation, and sensory homogenization. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1097-1108.

Cardeña, E. (2012). Dissociative disorders. In V. S. Ramachandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 2nd ed., Vol. 1 (pp. 710-715). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

Moreira-Almeida, A., & Cardeña, E. (2012). Diagnóstico diferencial entre las experiencias espirituales y psicóticas no-patológicas y los trastornos mentales. Una contribución al ICD-11 desde los Estudios Latinoamericanos. In J. L. Bonilla (Ed.), Ciencia y religión: Horizonte de relación desde el contexto latinoamericano (pp. 263-290). Bogotá, Colombia: Universidad de San Buenaventura.

Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. B. (2012). A proposal that does not advance our understanding of hypnosis. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 26, 329-339.

Cardeña, E. (2012). Commentary on Altered and asymmetric default mode network activity in a "hypnotic virtuoso"? An fMRI and EEG study. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1575-1576.

Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2012). On the need to compare anomalous experiences carefully. Commentary on Aura in mysticism and synaesthesia: A comparison. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1068-1069.

Cardeña, E., & Carlson, E. (2011). Acute Stress Disorder revisited. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 7, 245-267. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032210-104502

Marcusson-Clavertz, D.  & Cardeña, E., (2011). Hypnotizability, alterations in consciousness, and other variables as predictors of performance in a ganzfeld psi task. Journal of Parapsychology, 75, 235-259.

Terhune, D. B., Cardeña, E., & Lindgren, M. (2011). Differential frontal-parietal connectivity during hypnosis as a function of hypnotic suggestibility. Psychophysiology, 48, 1444-1447. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01211.x

Moreira-Almeida, A., & Cardeña, E. (2011). Differential diagnosis between non-pathological psychotic and spiritual experiences and mental disorders: A contribution from Latin American studies to the ICD-11. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 33 Suppl. 1, S29-S36.

Also published in Portuguese as

Moreira-Almeida, A., & Cardeña, E. (2011). Diagnóstico diferencial entre experiências espirituais e psicóticas não patológicas e transtornos mentais: uma contribuição de estudos latino-americanos para o CID-11. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 33 Supl 1, S21-S28.

Spiegel, D., Loewenstein, R., Lewis-Fernandez, R., Sar, V., Simeon, D., Vermetten, E., Cardeña, E., Brown, R. J., & Dell, P.,  (2011). Dissociative disorders in DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety, 28, E17-E45.  doi: 10.1002/da.20923

Cardeña, E. (2011). One split too many. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 14, 457-460, doi 10.1080/15299732.2011.570238.

Cardeña, E., & Bowman, E. (Eds.) (2011). Defining (structural) dissociation: A debate.  Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 14, 413-415, doi 10.1080/15299732.2011.570585.

Terhune, D. B., Cardeña, E., &  Lindgren, M. (2011). Dissociated control as a signature of typological variability in high hypnotic suggestibility. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 727-736.

Cardeña, E. (2011). On wolverines and epistemological totalitarianism. (Guest editorial). Journal of Scientific Exploration, 25, 539-551.

An earlier version published as: Cardeña, E. (2011). On wolverines and epistemological totalitarianism. Journal of Parapsychology, 75, 3-14.

Cardeña, E. & Alvarado, C.  (2011). Altered consciousness from the Age of Enlightenment through mid 20th century. In E. Cardeña, & M. Winkelman (Eds.), Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume I. History, culture, and the humanities (pp. 89-112). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Cardeña, E. (2011). Altering consciousness: Setting up the stage. In E. Cardeña, & M. Winkelman (Eds.), Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume I. History, culture, and the humanities (pp. 1-21). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Cardeña, E. (2011). Altered consciousness in emotion and psychopathology. In E. Cardeña, & M. Winkelman (Eds.), Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume II. Biological and psychological perspectives (pp. 279-299). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Granqvist, P., Reijman, S. & Cardeña E. (2011). Altered consciousness and human development. In E. Cardeña, & M. Winkelman. Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume II. Biological and psychological perspectives (pp. 211-234). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Cardeña, E. (2011). Introduction. In E. Cardeña, & M. Winkelman (2011). Altering consciousness. Multidisciplinary perspectives. Volume II. Biological and psychological perspectives (pp. 13-16). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation (2011). [ Chu, J. A., Dell, P.F., Van der Hart, O., Cardeña, E., Somer, E., Brand, B… Twombly, J.] Guidelines for treating dissociative identity disorder in adults, third revision. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 12, 115-187.

Cardeña, E. (2011). Altered consciousness is a many splendored thing. Journal of Cosmology, 14, 4781-4791 (volume edited by Sir Roger Penrose & Stuart Hameroff). http://journalofcosmology.com/Consciousness150.html

Also published as: Cardeña, E. (2011). Altered consciousness is a many splendored thing. In R. Penrose, S.Hameroff, & S. Kak (Eds.), Consciousness and the universe. Quantum physics, evolution, brain & mind (pp. 504-515). Cambridge, MA: Cosmology Science Publishers

Terhune, D. B., Cardeña, E., &  Lindgren, M. (2011). Dissociative tendencies and individual differences in high hypnotic suggestibility. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 16, 113-135.

Kirsch, I., Cardeña, E., Derbyshire, S., Dienes, Z., Heap, M., Kallio, S., Whalley, M. (2011). Definitions of hypnosis and hypnotizability and their relation to suggestion and suggestibility. A consensus statement. Contemporary Hypnosis & Integrative Therapy, 28, 107-115.

Also published as: Kirsch, I., Cardeña, E., Derbyshire, S., Dienes, Z., Heap, M., Kallio, S… Whalley, M. (2011). Definitionen von Hypnose und Hypnotisierbarkeit unde deren Bezug zur Suggestion un Suggestibilitaät. Ein Konsensus Statement. In B. Peter & U. Halsband (Eds). Festschrift für Vladimir Gheorghiu (Vol. 6 of Hypnose-ZHH) (pp. 11-21). München: www.MEG-Stiftung.de.

Cardeña, E. (2011). Response to Neal Grossman’s reply “On elephants and matters epistemological.” Journal of Scientific Exploration, 25, 754.

Cardeña, E., & Cousins, W. E. (2010). From artifice to actuality: Ritual, shamanism, hypnosis and healing. In J. Weinhold & G. Samuel (Eds.). The varieties of ritual experience. Section in A. Michaels (Eds.), Ritual dynamics and the science of ritual, Volume II: Body, performance, agency and experience (pp. 315-329). Wiesbaden, Germany: Harrassowitz.

Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E (2010). Differential patterns of spontaneous experiential response to a hypnotic induction: A latent profile analysis. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 1140-1150.

Terhune, D. B., Cardeña, E., & Lindgren, M. (2010). Disruption of synaesthesia through posthypnotic suggestion: An ERP study. Neuropsychologia, 48, 3360-3364.

Cardeña, E., & Krippner, S. (2010). The cultural context of hypnosis. In Lynn, S. J., J. W. Rhue, & Kirsch, I. (Eds.) Handbook of clinical hypnosis 2nd Ed (pp. 743-771). Washington, D. C: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E. (2010). Presidential address: A look at the potential future of parapsychology with help from a regression to the hypnotic past. Journal of Parapsychology, 74, 15-30.

Cardeña, E. (2010). Anomalous experiences during deep hypnosis. In M. Smith (Ed.) Anomalous experiences: Essays from parapsychological and psychological perspectives (pp.93-107). New York: Praeger.

Cardeña, E. (2010).  Research methodology on anomalous experience: Between Borges and a hard place… Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7, 73-78.

Zingrone, N., Alvarado, C., & Cardeña, E. (2010). Out-of-body experiences and physical activity and posture: Survey responses from a survey conducted in Scotland. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 198, 163-165.

Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E (2010). Methodological and practical issues regarding phenomenological subtypes of highly suggestible individuals: A response to Kumar. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 1154-1155.

Terhune, D. B., & Cardeña, E (2010). Methodological and interpretative issues regarding the measurement of hypnotic responsivity and its correlates: A comment on Pekala et al. (2010a, b). American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 53, 105-113.

Cardeña, E. (2010). Preface to Gerge, A. Psykoterapi vid dissociative störningar (pp. 9-11). Scandbook.

Cardeña, E. (2010). Against the grain? “Matter“ and “spirit.“ Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 122-123.

Cardeña, E., Terhune, D., Lööf, A., & Buratti, S. (2009). Hypnotic experience is related to emotional contagion.  International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 57, 33-46.

Cardeña, E., Marcusson-Clavertz, D., & Wasmuth, J. (2009). Hypnotizability and dissociation as predictors of performance in a precognition task: A pilot study. Journal of Parapsychology, 73, 137-158.

Cardeña, E., Van Duijl, M., Weiner, L., & Terhune, D. (2009). Possession/trance phenomena. In Dell, P. F., & O'Neil, J. A. (Eds.). Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: DSM-V and beyond (pp. 171-181). New York: Routledge.

Cardeña, E., Maldonado, J., Van der Hart, O., & Spiegel, D. (2009). Hypnosis. In E. Foa, T. Keane, & M. Friedman (Eds.). Effective treatments for PTSD, 2nd Ed (pp. 427-457). New York, NY: Guilford.

Cardeña, E. (2009). Beyond Plato? Toward a science of alterations of consciousness. In C. A. Roe, W. Kramer, & L. Coly (Eds.). Utrecht II: Charting the future of parapsychology (pp. 305-322). New York, NY: Parapsychology Foundation.

Cardeña, E., & Larsson, M. R. (2009). Postraumatiska störningar (posttraumatic disorders). In: C. M. Alwood & P. Johnsson (Eds.), Mänskliga möten över gränsen – vard och social omsorg i det mångakulturella samhället (pp. 61-80). Stockholm, Sweden: Lieber AB.

Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. (2009). A note of caution on the Waterloo Stanford Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility: A brief communication. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 57, 222-226.

Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. (2009). Flights of fancy? In C. Murray (Ed.) Out of body and near death experiences (pp. 61-63). New York, NY: Nova Sciences.

Terhune, D., & Cardeña, E. (2009). Out-of-body experiences in the context of hypnosis: Phenomenology, methodology, and neurophysiology. In C. Murray (Ed.) Out of body and near death experiences (pp. 89-104). New York: Nova Sciences.

Jensen, C. G., & Cardeña, E. (2009). A controlled long distance test of a professional medium. European Journal of Parapsychology, 24, 53-67.

Cardeña, E. (2008). Consciousness and emotions as interpersonal and transpersonal systems. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, 249-263.

Also published in The origin of consciousness in the social world, C. Whitehead (Ed.). Exeter, UK: Imprint Academic.

Cardeña, E. (2008). Dissociative disorders measures. In A. J. Rush, M. B. First, & D. Becker (Eds.), Handbook of psychiatric measures. 2nd ed (pp. 587-599). Washington, D. C.: American Psychiatric Press.

Sala, J., Cardeña, E., Holgado, M. C., Añez, C., Pérez, P., Periñán, R., & Capafons, A. (2008). The contributions of Ramón y Cajal and other Spanish authors to hypnosis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 56, 361-372.

Xu, Y., & Cardeña, E. (2008). Hypnosis as an adjunct therapy in the management of diabetes. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 56, 63-72.

Moreira-Almeida, A., Lotufo Neto, F., & Cardeña, E. (2008). Comparison between Brazilian Spiritist mediumship and dissociative identity disorder. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196,  420-424.

Martínez-Valero, C., Castell, A., Capafons, A., Sala, J., Espejo, B., & Cardeña, E. (2008). Hypnotic treatment synergizes the psychological treatment of fibromyalgia: A pilot study. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 50, 311-321.

Cardeña, E. (2008). Hypnotherapy. In G. Reyes, J. Elhai, & J. Ford (Eds.). The encyclopedia of psychological trauma (pp. 336-339). New York: Wiley.

Cardeña, E., Kallio, S., Terhune, D., Buratti, S., & Lööf, A. (2007). The effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing. Contemporary Hypnosis, 24, 154-160 (see also erratum: Vol 25(2), Jun 2008, p. 110).

Cardeña, E., & Gleaves, D. (2007) Dissociative disorders. In M. Hersen, S. M. Turner, & D. Beidel (Eds.). Adult psychopathology & diagnosis. Fifth edition (pp. 473-503). New York: Wiley.

Brown, R. J., Cardeña, E., Nijenhuis, E., Sar, V, & Van der Hart, O. (2007). Should conversion disorder be re-classified as a dissociative disorder in DSM-V? Psychosomatics, 48, 369-378.

Lynn, S. J., & Cardeña, E. (2007). Hypnosis and the treatment of posttraumatic conditions: An evidence-based approach. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55, 167-188.

Cardeña, E., & Weiner, L. (2006). La evaluación de los trastornos disociativos a lo largo de la vida. In V. E. Caballo (Ed.). Manual para la evaluación cognitivo-conductual de los trastornos psicológicos (pp. 153-168). Pirámide.

Cardeña, E. (2006). Letter to the editor. Journal of Parapsychology, 70, 409-410.

Cardeña, E., Dennis, J. M., Winkel, M., & Skitka, L. (2005). A snapshot of terror: Acute posttraumatic reactions to the September 11 attack. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 6, 69-84.

Also published in E. Cardeña, & Kristin Croyle (Eds.), Acute reactions to trauma and psychotherapy: A multidisciplinary and international perspective (pp. 69-84). Binghamton, NY: Haworth Medical Press.

Cardeña, E., & Croyle K. (2005). Early trauma responses and psychopathology. Setting up the stage. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 6, 1-4.

Cardeña, E. (2005). The phenomenology of deep hypnosis: Quiescent and physically active. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 53, 37-59.

Cardeña, E. (2005). Subjectivity and communitas: Further considerations on pain. In Mario Maj, Hagop S. Akiskal, Juan E. Mezzich, & Ahmed Okasha (Eds.) Somatoform disorders. Evidence and experience in psychiatry V. 9 (pp. 121-123). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Van Duijl, M., Cardeña, E., &  De Jong, J. (2005). The validity of DSM-IV dissociative disorders categories in SW Uganda. Transcultural Psychiatry, 42, 219-241.

Cardeña, E., & Weiner, L. (2004). Evaluation of dissociation across the lifespan. Psychotherapy, 41, 496-508.

Capafons, A., Cabañas, S., & Espejo, B., & Cardeña, E. (2004). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Valencia Scale on Attitudes and Beliefs toward hypnosis: An international study. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 52, 414-433.

Van Ommeren, M., Komproe, I., Cardeña, E., Thapa, S. B., Prasain, D., de Jong, J., & Sharma, B. (2004). Mental illness among Bhutanese shamans in Nepal. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 192, 313-317.

Cardeña, E., & Weiner, L. (2004). La evaluación de la disociación. Revista de Psicotrauma para Iberoamérica, 3, 4-19.

Cardeña, E., & Gleaves, D. (2003) Dissociative disorders. In S. M. Turner & M. Hersen (Eds.).  Adult psychopathology & diagnosis. Fourth edition (pp. 476-505). New York: Wiley.

Cardeña, E., Butler, L. D., & Spiegel, D. (2003). Stress disorders. In G. Stricker & T. Widiger, (Eds.)  Handbook of Psychology. V 8. (pp. 229-249). New York: John Wiley.

Van Ommeren, M., Sharma, B., Sharma, G. K., Komproe, I., Cardeña, E., & de Jong, J. T. V. M. (2002). The relationship between somatic and PTSD symptoms among Bhutanese refugee torture survivors: Examination of comorbidity with anxiety and depression. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15, 415-422.

Cardeña, E. (2002). Las experiencias anómalas (Anomalous experiences). In R. Ardila (Ed.), La psicología del futuro: Los más destacados psicólogos del mundo reflexionan sobre el futuro de su discipline (The psychology of the future: The world’s most distinguished psychologists reflect on their discipline) (pp. 281-288). Madrid, Spain: Pirámide.

Cardeña, E. (2001). Evaluation of posttraumatic disorders. Journal of Military Medicine, Suppl, 2, 53-54.

Cardeña, E. (2001). La psicología de las experiencias anómalas. Psicología Iberoamericana, 9, 46-51.

Cardeña, E. (2001). The doctor doth protest too much! Commentary to Why the diagnostic criteria for dissociative identity disorder should be changed.  Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 2, 39-42.

Gleaves, D.H., May, M. C., & Cardeña, E. (2001). An examination of the diagnostic validity of dissociative identity disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 577-608.

Van Ommeren, M. V., Sharma, B., Komproe, I., Sharma, G. K., Cardeña, E., de Jong, J. T., Poudyal, B., & Makaju, R. (2001) Trauma and loss as determinants of medically unexplained epidemic illness in a Bhutanese refugee camp.  Psychological Medicine, 31, 1259-1267.

Van Ommeren, M., de Jong, J. T. V. M., Sharma, B., Komproe, I., Thapa, S., & Cardeña, E.  (2001). Psychiatric disorders among tortured Bhutanese refugees in Nepal.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 5, 475-482.

Martínez-Tendero, J., Capafons, A., Weber, V., & Cardeña, E. (2001). Rapid Self-Hypnosis: A new self-hypnosis method and its comparison with the Hypnosis Induction Profile. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 44, 3-11.

Cardeña, E., & Kirsch, I. (2000). What is so special about placebo? Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 16, 10-12.

Cardeña, E., Koopman, C., Classen, C., Waelde, L., & Spiegel, D.  (2000). Psychometric properties of the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ): A valid and reliable measure of acute stress reactions. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13, 719-734.

Cardeña, E., Maldonado, J., Van der Hart, O., & Spiegel, D. (2000). Hypnosis.  Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13, 580-584.

Cardeña, E. (2000) Hypnosis in the treatment of trauma: A promising, but not fully supported, efficacious intervention. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 221-234.

Litwin, R., & Cardeña, E. (2000). Demographic and seizure variables, but not hypnotizability or dissociation, differentiated psychogenic from organic seizures. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 1, 99-122.

Cardeña, E., & Nijenhuis, E. (2000). Introduction to Embodied sorrow: A special issue on somatoform dissociation. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 1, 1-5.

Lynn, S. J., Kirsch, I., Barabasz, A., Cardeña, E., & Patterson, D. (2000) Hypnosis as an empirically supported clinical intervention: The state of the evidence and a look to the future. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 48, 235-255.

Grieger, T. A., Staab, J. P., Cardeña, E., McCarroll, J. E., Brandt, G. T., Fullerton, C. S., & Ursano, R. J. (2000) Acute stress disorder and subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder in a group of disaster workers. Anxiety and Depression, 11, 183-184.

Spiegel, D., Classen, C., & Cardeña, E. (2000). New DSM-IV diagnosis of Acue Stress Disorder. [Letter]. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1890, https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.157.11.1890

Cardeña, E., Maldonado, J., van der Hart, O., & Spiegel, D. (2000). Hypnosis. In E. Foa, T. Keane, & M. Friedman (Eds.). Effective treatments for PTSD  (pp. 407-440). New York: Guilford.

Cardeña, E., Maldonado, J., van der Hart, O., & Spiegel, D. (2000). Guidelines for the use of hypnosis. In E. Foa, T. Keane, & M. Friedman (Eds.). Effective treatments for PTSD  (pp.553-556). New York: Guilford.

Cardeña, E. (2000) Dissociative disorders. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.) Encyclopedia of psychology, vol. 3, (pp. 55-59). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cardeña, E., Lynn, S. J., & Krippner, S. (2000). Anomalous experiences in perspective In E. Cardeña, S. J. Lynn.,  & S. Krippner (Eds.),  Varieties of anomalous experience. Examining the scientific evidence  (pp. 3-21). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Pekala, R., & Cardeña, E. (2000). Methodological issues in the study of altered states of consciousness and anomalous experiences.  In E. Cardeña, S. J. Lynn,  & S. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of anomalous experience. Examining the scientific evidence (pp. 47-81). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E. (1999). Culture, and psychopathology. The hidden dimensions in T. X. Barber’s theory. Contemporary Hypnosis, 16, 132-138.

Cardeña, E. (1999). “You are not your body.” Commentary on The motivation for self-injury in psychiatric patients. Psychiatry, 62, 331-333.

Cardeña, E., & Spiegel, D. (1999). Dissociative disorders database. In Strain, J., et al.  General Hospital Psychiatry, 6, 458-460. 

Cardeña, E., Maldonado, J., Galdón, M. J., & Spiegel, D. (1999). La hipnosis y los trastornos posttraumáticos. Anales de Psicología, 15, 147-155.

Cardeña, E. (1999). In memoriam: Jerzy Grotowski. Tramoya, 59, 138-140.

Cardeña, E., & Beard, J. (1999). Artificios verídicos: Chamanismo, actuación y realidad. Tramoya, 58,  99-112.

Alarcón, A., Capafons, A., Bayot, A., & Cardeña, E. (1999). Preference between two methods of active-alert hypnosis: Not all techniques are created equal. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 41, 269-276.

Easterlin, B. & Cardeña, E. (1998-99). Perceived stress, cognitive and emotional differences between  short-and long-term Vipassana meditators. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 18, 69-82.

Kirsch, I., Capafons, A., Cardeña, E., & Amigó, S. (1999). Clinical hypnosis and self-regulation: An introduction. In Kirsch, I., Capafons, A., Cardeña-Buelna, E., & Amigó, S. (Eds.) (in press). Clinical hypnosis and self-regulation therapy: A cognitive-behavioral perspective. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Cardeña, E., Holen, A., McFarlane, A., Solomon, Z., Wilkinson, C., & Spiegel, D. (1998). A multi-site study of acute-stress reaction to a disaster.  In Widiger, T. A. et al. (Eds.), Sourcebook for the DSM-IV. Vol. IV (pp. 377-391). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.

Cardeña, E., Alarcón, A., Capafons, A., & Bayot, A. (1998). Effects on suggestibility of a new method of active-alert hypnosis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 46, 280-294.

Labbate, L. A., Cardeña, E., Dimitreva, J., Roy, M.,  & Engel, C. C. (1998) Psychiatric syndromes in Persian Gulf War veterans: An association of handling dead bodies with somatoform disorders. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 67, 275-279.

Gold, J. & Cardeña, E.  (1998) Convergent validity of 3 PTSD inventories among adult sexual abuse survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 173-180.

Cardeña, E. (1998). Dissociation and PSI: What are the links? In N. L. Zingrone, M. J., Schlitz, C. S. Alvarado, & J. Milton (Eds.). Research in Parapsychology 1993 (pp. 153-156). Scarecrow Press: Lanham, Maryland.

Cardeña, E., Grieger, T., Staab, J., Fullerton, C., & Ursano, R. (1997). Memory disturbances in the acute aftermath of disasters. In J. Don Read and D. Stephen Lindsay (Eds.). Recollections of trauma. New York: Plenum, 568.

Bayot, A., Capafons, A., & Cardeña, E. (1997). Emotional self-regulation therapy: A new and efficacious treatment for smoking. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 40, 142-152.

O’Connor, B., Calabrese, C., Eisenberg, D., Fincher, J., Hufford, D. J… Zhang, X.  (1997). Defining and describing complementary and alternative medicine. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 3 (2), 49-57.

Caballo, V. E. & Cardeña, E. (1997) Sex differences in the perception of stressful life events: Some implications for the Axis IV of DSM-IV. Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 353-359.

Cardeña, E. (1997). Comments on Monotonous percussion drumming and trance postures. Letter to the editor. Anthropology of Consciousness, 8, 163-167.

Cardeña, E. (1997). Dissociative disorders: Phantoms of the self. In S. M. Turner & M. Hersen (Eds.). Adult psychopathology & diagnosis Third edition (pp. 384-408).  New York: Wiley.

Cardeña, E. (1997) The etiologies of dissociation.  In S. Powers & S. Krippner (Eds.), Broken images, broken selves  (pp. 61-87). New York: Brunner.

Cardeña, E., & Beard, J. (1996). Truthful trickery: Shamanism, acting and reality. Performance Research, 1, 31-39. https://doi.org/10.1080/13528165.1996.10871509

Cardeña, E. (1996). False dichotomies and true metaphors. Dissociation, 9, 162-163.

Cardeña, E., & Spiegel, D. (1996). Dissociative disorders database. In Strain, J., et al.  General Hospital Psychiatry, 18, 293-384.

Spiegel, D., & Cardeña, E. (1996). Nosological comments on cultural diversity of dissociative and soma- toform disorders.  In J. Mezzich, A. Kleinman, H. Fabrega, & D. Parron (Eds.). Culture & psychiatric diagnosis: A DSM-IV perspective (pp. 163-167).  Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Cardeña, E. (1996). Review of the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ). In B. H. Stamm (Ed.). Measurement of stress, trauma and adaptation (pp. 293-297).  Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press.

Cardeña, E. (1996). “Just floating on the sky”. A comparison of shamanic and hypnotic phenomenology.  In R. Quekelbherge & D. Eigner (Eds.)  6th Jahrbuch für Transkulturelle Medizin und Psychotherapie (6th Yearbook of cross-cultural medicine and psychotherapy) (pp. 85-98). Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung.

Desmangles, L., & Cardeña, E. (1996). Trance possession and Vodou ritual in Haiti.  In R. Quekelbherge & D. Eigner (Eds.)  6th Jahrbuch für Transkulturelle Medizin und Psychotherapie (6th Yearbook of cross-cultural medicine and psychotherapy)  (pp. 297-309). Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung.

Cardeña, E.,  Spiegel, D. (1996). Diagnostic issues, criteria and comorbidity of dissociative disorders. In L. Michelson & W. J. Ray (Eds.), Handbook of Dissociation (pp. 227-250) New York: Plenum.

Spiegel, D., Koopman, C., Cardeña, E., & Classen, C. (1996). Dissociative symptoms in the diagnosis of acute stress disorder.  In L. Michelson & W. J. Ray (Eds.), Handbook of Dissociation.  New York: Plenum (pp. 367-380).

Cardeña, E., Lewis-Fernández, R., Bear, D., Pakianathan, I., & Spiegel, D. (1996). Dissociative disorders. In T. A. Widiger, A. J. Frances, H. J. Pincus, R. Ross, M. B. First, & W. W. Davis (Eds.) Sourcebook for the DSM-IV.  Vol. II.  Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press (pp. 973-1005).

Koopman, C., Classen, C., Cardeña, E., & Spiegel, D. (1995). When disaster strikes, brief reactive

dissociative disorder may follow. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 29-46.

Cardeña, E. (1995). Trastornos disociativos (The dissociative disorders). In V. E. Caballo, J. A. Carrobles & G. Buela Casal (Eds.).  Manual de psicopatología y desórdenes psiquiátricos  (493-523). Madrid: Siglo XXI.

Cardeña, E. (1994). The domain of dissociation.  In S. J. Lynn & J. W. Rhue (Eds.) Dissociation: Clinical and theoretical perspectives (pp. 15-31). New York, NY: Guilford.

Cardeña, E., Spiegel, D. & Spitzer, R.  (1993). Dissociative disorders database. In Hammer, J., Strain, J. et al. General Hospital Psychiatry, 15 (Suppl.), 37-38.

Cardeña, E., & Spiegel D. (1993) Dissociative reactions to the Bay Area Earthquake. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 474-478.

Cardeña, E. (1992). Trance and possession as dissociative disorders. Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review, 29, 283-297.

Cardeña, E., Spiegel, D. & Spitzer, R.  (1991). Dissociative disorders database. In Strain, James, et al.  General Hospital Psychiatry, 13, 1-62.

Spiegel, D., & Cardeña, E. (1991). Disintegrated experience: The dissociative disorders revisited. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 366-378.

Spiegel, D. & Cardeña, E. (1991). Comments on hypnotizability and dissociation. [Letter] American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 813-814. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.148.6.813-b

 

Presentations/ teachings
Qualifications

Post-doctoral, dissertation, and thesis supervision

(Chair) Stiernströmer, Emelie (2018). Facial expression, dissociation, and memory, Ph. D. program, Lund University, Sweden.

(External examiner) Ponce de León, Beatriz (2018). Personality and the development of trauma-related psychopathology in Danish military personnel. Ph. D. dissertation. University of Southern Denmark.

(External examiner) Lifshitz, Michael (2017). Hypnosis, meditation, and the self-regulating brain. Ph. D. Dissertation. McGill University.

(External examiner) Iribas Rudín, Ana Eva (2017). Estudio de la obra de Susan Hiller desde diversas facetas de la consciencia [A study on Susan Hiller's work from different consciousness perspectives]. Ph. D. dissertation. Universidad Complutense.

(Chair) Gušić, Sabina (2017). Dissociation and trauma among immigrant children and adults, Ph. D. program, Lund University, Sweden. Winner of the Barnafrid-National Center for the Study of Childhood Abuse Award to the Best Dissertation in 2018.

(Supervisor) Marcusson-Clavertz, David (2016). The relation of dissociation and mind wandering to processing of emotional stimuli. Post-doctoral project, Lund University, Sweden.

(Chair) Clavertz-Marcusson, David (2016). Mind-wandering, dissociation, and hypnosis, Ph. D. program, Lund University, Sweden.

(Supervisor) Ingberg Sundsgård, L., & Landén, L. (2015). Flyktingbarn och ungdomar I Sverige (Refugees and children in Sweden). MA thesis, Lund University, Sweden.

(Exernal examiner). Polito, Vincent (2013). Sense of agency and hypnosis. Ph. D. thesis, Macquarie University, Australia.

(Supervisor) da Silva, Laura, & Garrido, Bianca. (2013). Stödpersonens betydelse för ensamkommande ungdomar samt utmaningar i studier med denna grupp (The signficance of support people for youth coming without adults and challenges with this group). MA thesis, Lund University, Sweden.

(Supervisor) Sjöstedt, Joakim O. Meditator’ and non-meditator’s sustained attention during a signal detection task: Do they differ? MA thesis, Lund University, Sweden.

(Chair) Terhune, Devin (2010). Dissociation and heterogeneity in high hypnotic suggestibility. Ph. D. thesis, Lund University, Sweden. Winner of the Royal Swedish Science Award to the Best Young Psychologist of 2011.

(Supervisor) Clavertz-Marcusson, David (2010). Mind-wandering in a ganzfeld setup. MA thesis, Lund University, Sweden.

(Supervisor) Kjellenberg, Elin & Nilsson, Frida. (2010). Berättelser som förändrar – en kvantitativ studie om hur personal påverkas av att arbeta med krigskadade och torterade. MA thesis, Lund University, Sweden.

(Examiner). Davidson, Philip (2010-2011). Mental imagery and the imagination. University of Manchester.

(Supervisor). Tanasic, L., & Vitulin, T. (2011). Dissociation. En kvalitativ studie om begreppets användning och användbarhet inom allmän vuxenpyskiatri. Lund University, Sweden.

(Examiner). Loi, Natasha (2011). Absorption, fantasy proneness and trance:  Dissociative pathways of affective self-regulation in trauma. Ph. D. thesis, University of New England, Australia.

(Chair of examination committee). Priebe, Gisela (2009). Adolescents’ experience of sexual abuse: Prevalence, abuse characteristics, disclosure, health and ethical aspects. Lund University, Sweden.

(Member of examination committee). Högberg, Göran (2008). Post-traumatic stress disorder: Neurobiology and effects of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

(Supervisor) Clavertz-Marcusson, D., & Wasmuth, J. (2008). Hypnotizability and belief in psi as predictors of precognition. Licenciate thesis. Lund University, Sweden.

(Supervisor) Dorch, Emma & Lundborg, Johannes (2007). Att höja självkänslan med hypnos (Increasing self-esteem through hypnosis). Licenciate thesis. Lund University, Sweden.

(Member). Pérez, Sandra (2007). Síntomatología de estrés traumático en pacientes con cáncer de mama e identificación de posibles factores de riesgo (Traumatic stress symptomatology with breast cancer patients). Doctoral dissertation. Universitat de Valéncia, Spain.

(Supervisor). Ewald, C., & Penrell, K. (2005).  Working with attitude change: A qualitative study of attitude change and job-satisfaction, M. A. thesis. Lund University, Sweden.

(Supervisor) Person, J. & Vanek, F. (2005) Fantasy proneness and coping (accepted as a presentation for the 2007 International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation Conference, 2007), M. A. thesis, Lund University, Sweden.

(Chair). Rickerhauser, D. Ronald (2004).  Physicians’ spiritual beliefs and religious practices and patient health. M.A. thesis. University of Texas-Pan American.

(Member). Alarcón, Ana. (1996). Preferencia entre dos métodos de hipnosis activo-alerta (Preference between two methods of active-alert hypnosis. Licenciate thesis. Universitat de Valéncia, Spain.

(Member). Walsh, Patricia (1994). Empathy style and therapist affiliation.  Doctoral dissertation. California Institute of Integral Studies.

(Member). Schoenberger, Nancy (1993).  Effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral hypnotherapy for public speaking anxiet . Doctoral dissertation. University of Connecticut, Storrs.

(Chair). Shafarman, Gail (1993). The image of grief: An investigation of first tray of mothers of disabled infants. Are there any commonalties?   Doctoral dissertation. California Institute of Integral Studies.

(Chair). Litwin, Richard G. (1992). Dissociation in epileptic and nonepileptic seizures. Doctoral disserta- tion.Pacific Graduate School of Psychology

(Chair). Easterlin, Barbara (1992). Buddhist Vipassana meditation and daily life: Effect on cognition,

affect, awareness, and acceptance.  Doctoral dissertation. California Institute of Integral Studies.

(Member). Gold, Jeffrey. (1992). Posttraumatic stress disorder and its relationship to trust disturbances in adults molested as children.  Doctoral dissertation. California Institute of Integral Studies.

(Member). Regets, Charles M. (1990). The relationship between self-actualization and levels of involvement in Aikido.  Doctoral dissertation. California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS).

(Member). Vatankhahi, Manizhé (1990).  The relationship between marital satisfaction and psychological sex roles among Iranians residing in California. Doctoral dissertation. (CIIS).

 

Professional affiliation

American Psychological Association (and Division 30: Psychological hypnosis, and Division 56: Trauma Psychology) (Fellow).

Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (Fellow).

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) 

Parapsychology Association (full member)

International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation

Scientist Associate Texas/World Health Organization (WHO) Cross-cultural Center.

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